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THE KURDS’ WAY - Brooklyn Paper

THE KURDS’ WAY

    Kurdish culture: Dr. Vera Beaudin Saeedpour, founder and director of the Kurdish Museum in Prospect Heights, is currently exhibiting "Silver Sounds," an exhibit of Kurdish jewelry and costume. A belt from Turkish Kurdistan, circa 1900, is pictured at left.
The Brooklyn Papers / Greg Mango

The colorful world of Kurdish culture is
on display now in an unlikely location – a brownstone in Prospect
Heights. This museum on Underhill Avenue is North America’s only
center for Kurdish studies.

Every day, the founder and director of
the Kurdish Library and Museum, Dr. Vera Beaudin Saeedpour, considers
herself "on call for the Kurds," zealously educating
the world about Kurdish history and current events.

For those of you unaware of the Kurds,
an agrarian people from the region of Kurdistan – which after
World War I, was swallowed up by Iran, Iraq, Syria and Turkey
– "Silver Sounds: An Exhibit of Kurdish Village Jewelry,"
is an enticing introduction to the Kurds’ breathtaking craftsmanship
and culture.

Called "folklori Kurdi," the
collection of 30 pieces of silver jewelry is on display now through
April 30th. It includes necklaces, headpieces, arm and leg bracelets,
belts and amulets made with silver coins, religious symbols and
amulets and paste glass.

"Silver Sounds," curated by Saeedpour,
displays the Kurdish Museum’s collection of village jewelry from
the late-19th and early 20th centuries. It was collected piece
by piece from donors from different regions of Kurdistan and
from Kurds in exile in other countries of the Middle East, such
as Egypt and Jordan where some Kurds have lived since the Crusades,
when Saladin, defender of Islam, defeated Richard the Lionheart,
explained Saeedpour.

"He’s my favorite Kurd," she
said with a smile. Past Kurdish Museum exhibits have included
"The Legacy of Saladin," about the Kurd’s most famous
ancestor and in the mid-1980s, Saeedpour launched a photography
exhibit, "The Kurds: An Endangered People" which toured
the United States for two years.

Both the Kurdish Museum and the Kurdish
Library were born in Prospect Heights. The library opened on
Underhill Avenue in 1986 and the museum, which opened two years
later, occupies the same premises – a corner brownstone.

Saeedpour struggles against the American
propensity to reduce cultural appreciation to "15 minutes
a year on a stage," instead encouraging diversity and education
about Kurds through her quarterly, scholarly publications, the
"International Journal of Kurdish Studies," now in
its 15th year, and the journal "Kurdish Life." The
journals cover everything from Kurdish folktales and proverbs
to highly charged coverage of current events.

The current exhibition of Kurdish jewelry,
textiles and clothing is showcased in a warm, Kurd-style setting,
rather than the antiseptic, institutional white-room treatment
of larger museums. For her, the exhibition is "a relief
from the horrible politics," said Saeedpour.

"This [jewelry] collection has been
amassed over the last 20 years – piece by piece. And every single
one has a story. It’s magical, and I can tell people the stories,"
said Saeedpour, enthusiastically eschewing the standard practice
of pinning lengthy written summaries onto the walls next to the
pieces.

Saeedpour combines equal parts romanticism,
skepticism, intelligence and humor in her energetic tour of the
exhibit, all the while educating visitors about Kurdish history,
culture and current events.

The outspoken Saeedpour, a septuagenarian,
who identifies herself as a Jew, a native Vermonter, a farmer
and the widow of a Kurd, began her quest to build a center for
Kurdish studies in 1981 after her second husband, died at age
33.

His turban is on display in one of the
costume cases.

Saeedpour, who is not Kurdish, shared her
moving stories about the racism he, a Kurd from Iran without
any political agenda, was subjected to, from the accidental –
like coming across a disparaging Oxford dictionary definition
that referred to Kurds as "tall, pastoral and predatory"
("that Oxford should call a whole people ’predatory’!")
– to the life-threatening.

Her husband was struggling with leukemia
in 1981, explained Saeedpour, and though it was during the Iranian
hostage crisis, she was able to get some of his family members
out of Iran to the Seattle hospital in which he was being treated,
for a bone marrow transplant. The doctor, she said, mistaking
her Kurdish husband for a Persian, refused to perform the procedure,
saying he had a friend who was a hostage.

Saeedpour saw the need for education when
this doctor, whom she considered as representative of American
academia, was unaware of the existence of Kurds and their plight.
(The Kurds at that time were still without their own country
and were suffering grave human rights abuses in Turkey.)

"How terrible it was for my husband,
who was not involved in politics at all, to still have his life
at stake," said Saeedpour, adding, "The double insult
was that he was being punished out of ignorance."

Saeedpour was galvanized and angry. "Both
institutions [the Kurdish Museum and Library] grew out of the
Kurdish Program, which was established in 1981," after her
husband’s death, "to call attention to the fact that the
fourth largest ethnic group in the Middle East was a veritable
enigma to Americans," explained Saeedpour.

"There are implications," said
Saeedpour of the doctor’s attitude toward her dying husband,
"and consequences of this obscurity."

In May, the Kurdish Program celebrates
its 20th anniversary, a tribute to Saeedpour’s perseverance and
a monumental memorial to her husband.

Saeedpour’s tour of the jewelry exhibit
is peppered with solemn stories like those of her husband’s experience
in America and also with humorous tales. And of course, the exhibit
is also an assemblage of stories of friendship – people who appreciated
the work "Dr. Vera" was doing on behalf of Kurdish
culture and therefore donated these works of art to her library.
Visitors may hear a story about the library’s kilim rug, or the
costumes, or the crown from the early 20th century or the crown
skullcap of Persian coins, or the musical instruments.

The jewelry is displayed in a long furnished
room, among the oriental rugs, Western desk and dark leather
chairs. The windows are fitted with ornately carved screens.
The bookcases are edged with velvet drapes. The room doubles
as a comfortable place for visiting scholars to study – or to
take tea. "It’s a good atmosphere to learn," she said.

A large framed photo of a Kurdish woman
nursing her child, snapped by Danish anthropologist Henny Harold
Hansen, an author of a book on Kurdish women and a former Kurdish
Museum board member, greets visitors when they enter the exhibit.
(Saeedpour marvels that the subject in the photo wears her literally
golden threads – a gold lame jacket – while casually sitting
on a doorstep.) This photo realistically demonstrates how Kurds
wore their clothes in the 1950s, as opposed to the exhibition’s
immobile mannequins.

In a display case, a man’s white suit –
baggy pants, matching jacket, fringed turban and vest – is made
of hand-loomed goats’ hair, explains Saeedpour. An example of
a cuff used to secure the hem of the Kurdish men’s trousers is
displayed in a neighboring case.

The drawstring pants are layered over with
a white cummerbund.

"It’s not just for fashion’s sake,"
said Saeedpour, but "to keep their back straight while walking
and riding horses" through the mountainous region.

"You don’t see a Kurd slumped over
or with bad posture," said Saeedpour. ("Cummerbund"
comes from the Hindi "kamarband" from the Persian "kamar"
for "waist.")

"You won’t see [the Kurdish clothing]
I saw in 1992," laments Saeedpour of the effects of encroaching
Western culture in Iraqi Kurdistan today. "That’s the real
terrible part. Soon they’ll be wearing jeans."

The current exhibit is sponsored, in part,
by the Greater New York Development Fund of the city Department
of Cultural Affairs, and administered by the Brooklyn Arts Council.

For Saeedpour, it’s a welcome investment
by the borough in her formidable mission to educate the world,
as her fundraising must be squeezed in between maintenance of
the library and research. "Now I prefer to run the place
and do the journal and monitor the issue and be more objective,"
said Saeedpour, having hung up her lobbyist shoes. "My goal
is to not be a total partisan. You don’t get the truth that way."

With her short hair, ready smile and flashing
blue eyes, this petite septuagenarian has more energy and enthusiasm
for education and discourse, than curators a half or a third
of her age. And all of this for a cause she adopted later in
life, a third career, after architecture and motherhood.

Dressed in a Laura Ingalls-style pioneer
dress, she peppers her talk with lively anecdotes and surprising
personal comments – claiming an affinity for the Kurds "because
they smoke, too."

Saeedpour said there are a few items on
display which she purchased during her 1992 visit to Iraqi Kurdistan,
but that for the most part, "For these last 20 years, Kurds
have sought me out," to make donations. "They found
me."

 

"Silver Sounds: An Exhibit of Kurdish
Village Jewelry" is on display now through April 30. The
Kurdish Museum and Library is located at 144 Underhill Ave. The
exhibit is open Sunday through Friday, 1 to 5 pm. For more information,
call (718) 783-7930. Free.


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